Abbreviations

Abbreviations of lexicographic and grammatical tools
AED – T. L. Kane. Amharic-English Dictionary. Wiesbaden, 1990.
AHw. – W. von Soden. Akkadisches Handwörterbuch. Wiesbaden, 1965‒1981.
BDB – F. Brown, S. R. Driver, Ch. A. Briggs. A Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Oxford, 1906.
Behnstedt – P. Behnstedt. Die nordjemenitischen Dialekte (Glossar). Wiesbaden 1992‒2006.
BGH – Th. Richter. Bibliographisches Glossar des Hurritischen. Wiesbaden, 2012.
BH – E. Badawi, M. Hinds. A Dictionary of Egyptian Arabic. Beirut, 1986.
BK – A. de Biberstein Kazimirski. Dictionnaire arabe‒français. Paris, 1860.
Biella – J. C. Biella. Dictionary of Old South Arabic, Sabaean Dialect. Chico, 1982.
CAD – The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute, the University of Chicago. Chicago, 1956‒2010.
CDA – J. Black, A. George, N. Postgate. A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian. 2nd ed. Wiesbaden. 2000.
CDG – W. Leslau. Comparative Dictionary of Geˁez (Classical Ethiopic). Wiesbaden, 1987.
CHG – Chicago Hittite Dictionary. Chicago, 1975–.
CSOL – Corpus of Soqotri Oral Literature. Leiden, 2014–.
DJBA – M. Sokoloff. A Dictionary of Jewish Babylonian Aramaic. Ramat-Gan, 2002.
DJPA – M. Sokoloff. A Dictionary of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic. Ramat-Gan, 2002.
DNWSI – J. Hoftijzer, K. Jongeling. Dictionary of the North-West Semitic Inscriptions. Leiden, 1995.
Dozy – R. Dozy. Supplément au dictionnaires arabes. Leiden, 1881.
DCH – D. Clines. The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew. Sheffield, 1993‒2011.
DRS – D. Cohen. Dictionnaire des racines sémitiques. La Haye, 1976‒.
DSA – A. Tal. A Dictionary of Samaritan Aramaic. Leiden, 2000.
DUL – G. del Olmo Lete, J. Sanmartín. A Dictionary of the Ugaritic Language in the Alphabetic Tradition. Leiden, 2003.
EDA – Etymological Dictionary of Akkadian. In print.
EDG – W. Leslau. Etymological Dictionary of Gurage (Ethiopic). Vol. III. Wiesbaden, 1979.
EDH – W. Leslau. Etymological Dictionary of Harari. Berkeley, 1963.
ElW – W. Hinz, H. Koch. Elamisches Wörterbuch. Berlin, 1987.
EWAia – M. Mayrhofer. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen. Heidelberg, 1992–2001.
Friedrich – J. Friedrich. Hethitisches Wörterbuch. Heidelberg, 1952.
GAG – W. von Soden. Grundriß der akkadischen Grammatik. Roma, 1995.
GD – C. de Landberg. Glossaire daṯinois. Leiden, 1920‒1942.
GNMD – G. Bergsträsser. Glossar des neuaramäischen Dialekts von Maˁlūla. Leipzig, 1921.
GVG – C. Brockelmann. Grundriß der vergleichenden Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen. Bd. 1. Berlin, 1908.
HALOT – L. Koehler, W. Baumgartner, J. J. Stamm. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Leiden, 1994‒2000.
HEG – J. Tischler. Hethitisches etymologisches Glossar. Innsbruck, 1977–2016.
HL – T. M. Johnstone. Ḥarsūsi Lexicon. Oxford, 1977.
HSED – V. Orel, O. Stolbova. Hamito‒Semitic Etymological Dictionary. Leiden, 1995.
Jastrow – M. Jastrow. A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature. New York, 1996.
JL – T. M. Johnstone. Jibbāli Lexicon. Oxford, 1981.
KEWA – M. Mayrhofer. Kurzgefaßtes etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen. A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary. Heidelberg, 1953–1980.
LA – Ibn Manḏ̣ūr. Lisānu l-ˁarab. Bayrūt, 1990.
Lane – E. W. Lane. Arabic-English Lexicon. London, 1867.
Laroche – E. Laroche. Glossaire de la langue hourrite. Paris, 1980.
Levy – J. Levy. Neuhebräisches und chaldäisches Wörterbuch über die Talmudim und Midraschim. Leipzig, 1876–1889.
Liddell–Scott – H. Liddell, R. Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. With a Revised Supplement. Oxford, 1996.
LIQ – S. D. Ricks. Lexicon of Inscriptional Qatabanian. Roma, 1989.
LLA – A. Dillmann. Lexicon linguae aethiopicae. Leipzig, 1865.
LM – M. Arbach. Le maḏābien: lexique, onomastique et grammaire d’une langue de l’Arabie méridionale préislamique. T. 1. Lexique māḏābien. Aix-en-Provence, 1993.
LS – W. Leslau. Lexique Soqoṭri (Sudarabique moderne) avec comparaisons et explications étymologiques. Paris, 1938.
LSyr. – C. Brockelmann. Lexicon Syriacum. Halle, 1928.
MD – E. S. Drower, R. Macuch. A Mandaic Dictionary. Oxford, 1963.
ML – T. M. Johnstone. Mehri Lexicon. London, 1987.
Piamenta – M. Piamenta. Dictionary of Post-Classical Yemeni Arabic. Leiden, 1990.
PS – R. Payne Smith. Thesaurus syriacus. Oxford, 1879‒1901.
PSD – The Sumerian Dictionary of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1984‒.
Rhodokanakis – N. Rhodokanakis. Der vulg.rarabische Dialekt in Dof.r. II. Einleitung, Glossar und Grammatik. Wien, 1911.
Reinhardt – C. Reinhardt. Ein arabischer Dialekt gesprochen in ˁOman und Zanzibar. Stuttgart, 1894.
SAD – Supplement to the Akkadian Dictionaries. Wiesbaden, 2018–.
Schulthess – F. Schulthess. Lexicon syropalaestinum. Berlin, 1903.
SD – A. F. L. Beeston, М. A. Ghul, W. W. Müller, J. Ryckmans. Sabaic Dictionary (English‒French‒Arabic). Louvain-la-Neuve, 1982.
SED I – A. Militarev, L. Kogan. Semitic Etymological Dictionary. Vol. 1. Anatomy of Man and Animals. Münster, 2000.
SED II – A. Militarev, L. Kogan. Semitic Etymological Dictionary. Vol. 2. Animal Names. Münster, 2005.
SL – M. Sokoloff. A Syriac Lexicon. Winona Lake, 2009.
SLOB – S. J. Lieberman. The Sumerian Loanwords on Old-Babylonian Akkadian. Vol. 1: Prolegomena and Evidence. Missoula, 1977.
TA – az-Zabīdī. Tāj al-ˁarūs. Kuwayt, 1965‒2001.
TDOT – Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. I‒XV. Grand Rapids, 1974‒2006.
TED – T. L. Kane. Tigrinya‒English Dictionary. Springfield, 2000.
WAK – R. Schmitt. Wörterbuch der altpersischen Königsinschriften. Wiesbaden, 2014.
Wb. – A. Erman, H. Grapow. Ägyptisches Handwörterbuch. Berlin, 1921.
Wehr – A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. Wiesbaden, 1979.
WH – A. Walde, J. Hoffmann. Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Heidelberg, 1938.
WKAS – M. Ullmann. Wörterbuch der klassischen arabischen Sprache. Wiesbaden, 1957‒.
WTS – E. Littmann, M. Höfner. Wörterbuch der Tigre-Sprache. Wiesbaden, 1956.
WUS – J. Aistleitner. Wörterbuch der ugaritischen Sprache. Berlin, 1963.

Abbreviations of language names
Akk. – Akkadian
Amh. – Amharic
Amm. – Ammonite
Arb. – Arabic
Arm. – Aramaic
BArm. – Biblical Aramaic
Cha. – Chaha
CPA – Christian Palestinian Aramaic
CS – Central Semitic
DA – Deir Alla
EA – Old Canaanite forms in the el-Amarna tablets
EArm. – Egyptian Aramaic
Eg. – Egyptian
Eg.-syll. – West Semitic words in Egyptian syllabic writing
End. – Endegeň
Enm. – Ennemor
ES – East Semitic
ESA – Epigraphic South Arabian
EthS. – Ethio-Semitic
Gaf. – Gafat
Gez. – Geez
Gog. – Gogot
Gyt. – Gyeto
Had. – Hadramitic
Har. – Harari
Hbr. – Hebrew
Hdr. – Hadramitic
Hrs. – Harsusi
Htr. – Hatran Aramaic
IE – Indo-European
JA – Jewish Aramaic (unspecified)
JBA – Jewish Babylonian Aramaic
JdArm. – Judaean Aramaic
Jib. – Jibbali
JNA – Jewish Neo-Aramaic
JPA – Jewish Palestinian Aramaic
MA – Middle Assyrian
Mal. – Maalula
Mhr. – Mehri
Min. – Minaean
M. Mnd. – Modern Mandaic
Mnd. – Mandaic
Moab. – Moabite
MP – Middle Persian
MSA – Modern South Arabian
Msq. – Masqan
Muh. – Muher
NA – Neo-Assyrian
NB – Neo-Babylonian
NP – Neo-Persian
NWS – North-West Semitic
OA – Old Assyrian
OArm. – Old Aramaic
OB – Old Babylonian
OffArm. – Official Aramaic
PAA – Proto-Afroasiatic
PArm. – Proto-Aramaic
PC – Proto-Canaanite
PCS – Proto-Central Semitic
Pho. – Phoenician
PIE – Proto-Indo-European
PNWS – Proto-North West Semitic
PS – Proto-Semitic
PWS – Proto-West Semitic
Qat. – Qatabanian
Sab. – Sabaic
Sam. – Samalian
SArm. – Samaritan Aramaic
Sel. – Selti
Sod. – Soddo
Soq. – Soqotri
Sum. – Sumerian
Syr. – Syriac
Tgr. – Tigre
Tna. – Tigrinya
Tur. – Turoyo
Ugr. – Ugaritic
Wol. – Wolane
WS – West Semitic
Zwy. – Zway