one of the four widespread designations of camel in individual languages, the similarity between these designations must be due to diffusion from an Arabian source
Only in SSem area.
The Sem. terms listed below are commonly thought to be borrowed from an IE satəm-language, v. Gamkrelidze-Ivanov 1984 560, 914 (PIE *ek[h]wo- 'horse') and Tropper 2000 45 (with a special emphasis on Luvian azzuwa-). Within the framework of this hypothesis (quite promising as such), one should not disregard some difficulties as far as the word-structure of the Semitic terms is concerned: both the loss of the word-initial vowel and the reduplication are present already in the earliest Sem. attestations.
Problematic; scarce attestation only in South Sem. area.
Scarce attestation in South Sem. area only.